Design and function
Compressed air brake systems are typically used on heavy trucks and buses. The system consists of service brakes, parking brakes, a control pedal, and an air storage tank.
The air compressor is driven by the engine either by crankshaft pulley via a belt or directly from the engine timing gears. It is lubricated and cooled by the engine lubrication and cooling systems. Compressed air is first routed through a cooling coil and into an air dryer, which removes moisture and oil impurities and also may include a pressure regulator, safety valve and a smaller purge reservoir.
The control system is further divided into two service brake circuits: the parking brake circuit and the trailer brake circuit. This dual brake circuit is further split into front and rear wheel circuits which receive compressed air from their individual reservoirs for added safety in case of an air leak. The service brakes are applied by means of a brake pedal air valve which regulates both circuits. The parking brake is the air operated spring brake type where its applied by spring force in the spring brake cylinder and released by compressed air via hand control valve. The trailer brake consists of a direct two line system: the supply line (marked red) and the separate control or service line (marked blue).
Brakes, Exhaust, Chassis and More
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The knuckleboom crane appears similar to a standard crane, except that the boom articulates at the knuckle near the middle, letting it fold back like a finger. The key advantage of this type of crane is compact size for storage and maneuvering.
Knuckleboom crane arms are much lighter than boom truck cranes, and they are designed to allow for more payloads to be carried on the back of the truck that it is mounted on. The majority of them are mounted behind the cab and leave the entire bed of the truck empty. Smaller knuckleboom cranes can be used without a certified crane operator as long as the maximum capacity is under 15,000 pounds or the maximum boom length is under 25 feet.
The cranes come with different types of control systems, such as stand up, control from the ground, seat control, or radio remote control. The radio remote systems now can start the crane as well as run the crane. Now, they come equipped with a computer readout system that immediately gives readouts from the system if the crane is overloaded or not.
Driers and accumulators
Are only good for a couple of years . 5 at max. The reason why is that one of there jobs is to remove moisture from the system because moisture is a non condense-able and moisture plus R-134A equals Hydrochloric acid, which is not good. After so long the internal desiccant bag becomes over saturated and can no longer do its job.
The primary job of either two is the separation of vapor and liquid freon. The drier prevents vapor from passing into the liquid line and the accumulator prevents liquid freon from passing through the vapor line. I know it sounds a little confusing but try to think of it like this.
If any vapor leaves the condenser and makes its way to the evaporator then you loose that much cooling efficiency because vapor cannot collect heat and if any liquid is allowed to leave the evaporator that has not converted to a vapor then it will travel straight to the compressor and " Slug " or damage the compressor since liquid does not compress.